Thursday, March 02, 2006

CHRONOLOGY OF ME & CFS (1934-1984)

"In order to think about "Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS)" clearly, it's imperative to bring the events that led up to the creation of CFS into "epidemic" context. 

There were many outbreaks globally of similar or identical illnesses before the 1984 outbreak in Incline Village, Nevada, and the surrounding Lake Tahoe area. There have been many since. But the outbreak in Lake Tahoe is the one that brought the CDC out to investigate, and the one that gave birth to the name "Chronic Fatigue Syndrome." 12-minutes --> www.youtube.com/watch?v=AW0x9_Q8qbo&feature=related

In 1956, Dr. Melvin Ramsay formally coined the name "Myalgic Encephalomyelitis, (ME)" applying it to the Royal Free outbreak in 1955 (↓↓↓see below ↓↓↓). After 30 years of investigation into the illness, Ramsay developed a definition of the illness that has stood the test of time. As Dr. Ramsay stated, "Eponyms such as `Akuryeru Disease'. `Iceland Disease' and `Royal Free Disease' have also been used in the case of particular outbreaks. These have the disadvantage that they obscure the all important fact that the disease has been reported world-wide."

WHO has recognized "ME" as a distinct organic neurological disorder since 1969. (36-page PDF --> www.name-us.org) However, when the CDC created the term "Chronic Fatigue Syndrome," a great many patients who fit the clinical definition of ME were cut off from a legitimate infectious neurological disease diagnosis, and trapped in the broad wastebasket term "CFS."

Outbreaks prior to the Incline Village manifestation include
(but are not limited to):

1934 -   Los Angeles County Hospital - Atypical Poliomyelitis
1936 -   Fond Du Lac, Wisconsin - St. Agnes Convent - Encephalitis
1937 -   Erstfeld, Switzerland - Abortive Poliomyelitis
1937 -   St. Gallen, Switzerland - Frohburg Hospital –Abortive Poliomyelitis
1939 -   Middlesex, England - Harefield Sanatorium - persistent Myalgia following sore throat
1939 -   Degersheim, Switzerland - Abortive Poliomyelitis
1945 -   Hospital of University of Pennsylvania - epidemic Pleurodynia with prominent neurological symptoms and no demonstrable cause

1946 -   Iceland, disease resembling Poliomyelitis with the character of Akureyri disease
1948 -   Iceland, North Coast towns - epidemic simulating Poliomyelitis
1949 -   Adelaide, South Australia - a disease resembling Poliomyelitis
1950 -   Louisville, Kentucky -- St. Joseph's Infirmary - outbreak in nurses' training school described as "epidemic Neuromyasthenia"
1950 - Upper State New York - outbreak resembling the Iceland disease…s imulating acute Anterior Poliomyelitis
1952 -   London, England - Middlesex Hospital Nurses' Home - Encephalomyelitis associated with Poliomyelitis virus
1952 -   Copenhagen, Denmark - epidemic Myositis
1952 -   Lakeland, Florida - epidemic Neuromyasthenia
1953 -   Coventry and District, England - an illness resembling Poliomyelitis observed in nurses
1953 -   Rockville, Maryland - Chestnut Lodge Hospital - Poliomyelitis-like epidemic Neuromyasthenia
1953 -  Jutland, Denmark - epidemic Encephalitis with vertigo
1954 -  Seward, Alaska - benign Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (Iceland Disease)
1954 -   Berlin, Germany - British army - further outbreak of a disease resembling Poliomyelitis
1954 -   Liverpool, England - outbreak among medical and nursing staff in a local hospital
1955 -   Dalston, Cumbria, England – epidemic and sporadic outbreak of an unusual disease
1955 -   London, England - Royal Free Hospital - outbreak in staff and patients of Benign Myalgic Encephalomyelitis
1955 -   Perth, Australia - virus epidemic in waves
1955 -   Gilfac Goch, Wales - outbreak of benign Myalgic Encephalomyelitis
1955 -   Durban City, South Africa - Addington Hospital - outbreak among nurses of "Durban Mystery Disease"
1955 -   Segbwema, Sierra Leone - outbreak of Encephalomyelitis
1955 -   Patreksfjorour and Porshofn, Iceland - unusual response to polio vaccine
1955 -   Northwest London, England - nurses' residential home - acute Infective Encephalomyelitis simulating poliomyelitis
1956 -   Ridgefield, Connecticut - epidemic Neuromyasthenia
1956 -   Punta Gorda Florida - outbreak of epidemic Neuromyasthenia
1956 -   Newton-le-Willows, Lancashire, England - Lymphocytic Meningoencephalitis with myalgia and rash
1956 -   Pittsfield and Williamstown, Massachusetts - benign Myalgic Encephalomyelitis
1956 -   Coventry, England - epidemic malaise, benign Myalgic Encephalomyelitis
1957 -   Brighton, South Australia - Cocksakie Echo virus Meningitis, epidemic Myalgic Encephalomyelitis
1958 -   Athens, Greece - nurses' school - outbreak of benign Myalgic Encephalomyelitis with periostitis and arthopathy noted.

 1958 -   Southwest London, England - reports of sporadic cases of Myalgic Encephalomyelitis
1959 -   Newcastle Upon Tyne, England - outbreak of benign Myalgic Encephalomyelitis
1961 -   Basel, Switzerland - sporadic cases of benign Myalgic Encephalomyelitis
1961 -   New York State - outbreak of epidemic Neuromyasthenia in a convent
1964 -   Northwest London, England - epidemic malaise, epidemic Neuromyasthenia
1964 -   Franklin, Kentucky - outbreak of Neuromyasthenia in a factory
1967 -   Edinburgh, Scotland - sporadic cases resembling benign Myalgic Encephalomyelitis
1968 -   Fraidek, Lebanon - benign Myalgic Encephalomyelitis
1969 -   Brooklyn, New York - State University of New York Downstate Medical Center - epidemic Neuromyasthenia, unidentified symptom complex

1970 -   Lackland Air Force Base, Texas - epidemic Neuromyasthenia
1970 -   London, England - Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children - outbreak of Neuromyasthenia among nurses
1975 -   Sacramento, California - Mercy San Juan Hospital - Infectious Venulitis, epidemic Phelobodynia
1976 -   Southwest Ireland - epidemic Neuromyasthenia, benign Myalgic Encephalomyelitis
1977 -   Dallas – Fort Worth, Texas - epidemic Neuromyasthenia
1979 -   Southampton, England - Myalgic Encephalomyelitis
1980 -   West Kilbridge, Ayrshire, Scotland - epidemic Myalgic Encephalomyelitis
1980 -   San Francisco, California – epidemic persistent flu-like illness
1981 -   Stirlingshire, Scotland - sporadic Myalgic Encephalomyelitis
1982 -   West Otago, Dunedin and Hamilton, New Zealand - Myalgic Encephalomyelitis
1983 -   Los Angeles, California - initial cases of an unknown, chronic symptom complex involving profound "fatigue"

1984 -   Lake Tahoe Area of CA/NV - start of a year-long epidemic involving over 160 cases of chronic illness eventually characterized as Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS)..."

Source: www.cfsuntied.com/history.html   {broken link}
Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_chronic_fatigue_syndrome

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